China and Belarus have maintained diplomatic relations since the establishment of diplomatic ties on January 27, 1992. Since then, the relationship between the two countries has been characterized by mutual cooperation, economic partnership, and cultural exchange.
In recent years, China and Belarus have strengthened their economic ties. In 2013, China and Belarus signed a joint declaration on the establishment of a comprehensive strategic partnership. Under this agreement, the two countries have collaborated on numerous projects in various sectors, including infrastructure, telecommunications, and manufacturing. One of the most significant projects is the China-Belarus Industrial Park, also known as the Great Stone Industrial Park, which is a joint venture between the two countries aimed at creating a high-tech manufacturing hub in Belarus.
China has also become a significant investor in Belarus. In 2019, China’s direct investment in Belarus amounted to approximately $660 million. Belarus is viewed as a gateway to Europe for Chinese businesses, and the Chinese government has expressed interest in expanding its economic cooperation with Belarus.
In addition to economic ties, China and Belarus have also developed close political and cultural relations. The two countries have regularly exchanged high-level visits, with Chinese President Xi Jinping visiting Belarus in 2015 and 2019. Cultural exchange programs, including language courses and artistic performances, have also been organized to promote mutual understanding and appreciation between the two nations.
However, the relationship between China and Belarus has not been without controversy. Belarus has been accused of violating human rights, and China has faced international criticism for its treatment of Uighur Muslims and its crackdown on pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong. Despite these challenges, the two countries have continued to strengthen their partnership and deepen their cooperation.
In conclusion, China and Belarus have developed a strong and mutually beneficial relationship over the past few decades. While there have been some challenges, particularly in the area of human rights, the two countries have continued to collaborate on numerous economic, political, and cultural initiatives.